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« Protéger et pacifier. La politique officielle de bilinguisme canadien face aux risques de transferts linguistiques et de contestation communautaire »

Written by Louis-Patrick St-Pierre :: [Sunday, 15 July 2012 11:26] Last updated by Louis-Patrick St-Pierre :: [Wednesday, 15 July 2015 11:28]
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Year: 2012 Authors and Collaborators
  • ; Traisnel, Christophe
  • Research Themes Bilingualism
    Francophones Outside Quebec
    Volume and number: , 45-46 Journal: , International Journal of Canadian Studies / Revue internationale d’études canadiennes Pages : , 69-89 Abstract
    The stability of a democracy should depend on the regime’s adaptability and on democratic societies’ ability to respond to certain linguistic aspirations which are aimed at distinction, without falling into the trap of division. This is one of the challenges that pluralist societies generally face and in particular, societies that are plurilingual. This article demonstrates how the Canadian political context goes beyond the recognition of cultural differences in a multicultural Canadian society, by allowing for the invention of distinction and the development of linguistic protection, thanks to, among other things, a policy of official bilingualism. However, such a protection policy has a counterpart: although it allows for and makes possible, legislation of official languages also frames and constrains the political action of community leaders as well as their ideas about identity. This article begins with an initial statement of fact: fears related to the risk of linguistic assimilation and resulting political conflicts have progressively fueled a policy of official bilingualism as a way of reassuring people that these risks are limited, and also to guarantee that Canada has a satisfactory “linguistic peace”. Based on these premises, we show that the context of official bilingualism has marked the notion of francophonie and the political aspects of francophonie in Canada. Finally, we determine if the main actors of ideas about identity, and their work of recognition, protest and representation, constitute the pathway to a different regime of citizenship for Canada’s Francophone minority.